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Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Ngorongoro Conservation Area is a World Heritage Site located 191 km west of Arusha in the Crater Highlands area of Tanzania. The area became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1979, and it is the highly visited African tourist attraction. Ngorongoro Conservation Area is home to the famous volcanic Ngorongoro Crater and is one of Tanzania's most popular wildlife viewing areas. This huge volcanic crater has a permanent supply of water and abundant vegetation, which draws thousands of animals and birds that inhabit the area.

Ngorongoro Conservation Area covers an area of 8,292 km2 of Africa’s most incredible landscapes, wildlife, people (the traditional Maasai, Datoga and Hadzabe tribes), Ngorongoro crater (the world’s largest intact volcanic caldera) and many archaeological sites of international importance such as the Olduvai Gorge which is known as “the Cradle of Mankind”, this important archeological site has revealed ancient skull and bone fragments that have delivered critical information about early mankind.

The Ngorongoro Crater is the heart of Ngorongoro Conservation Area, the Wildlife is spectacular in the crater is all year round. Thousands of animals and birds can be seen on the crater floor, including lions, elephants, rhinos, gazelles, wildebeests, zebras, Hippos, buffaloes, flamingoes and many more.

Other attractions within the Ngorongoro Conservation Area are;

  • Empakai Crater. This beautiful little crater contains forests and a shallow lake. The crater is 6 km wide and the lake occupies nearly half of its floor. The scenery is spectacular everywhere around the Empakai Crater.
  • Lerai Forest. Lerai is a Maasai word for yellow barked acacia. This small forest is located on the crater floors, and it is a home to monkeys, baboons, bushbucks, waterbucks, rhinos and elephants. This small forest is a best area for picnics.
  • Oldonyo Lengai. Oldonyo Lengai is a Maasai name which means the Mountain of God. This is an active volcano mountain located close to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, but it is a part of it. Mount Oldonyo Lengai is the only known volcano mountain in the world that sometimes erupts natrocarbonative lava, a highly fluid lava that contains almost no silicon.
  • Olkarien Gorge. It is very worthwhile site to visit, this is a breeding site for hundreds of the Ruppell’s Griffon Vulture during the rains. In the dry season, the Maasai bring their cattle into the gorge to drink.
  • The Shifting Sands. At north of the Olduvai Gorge, there is a little black sand dune matches composed of volcanic ash from the nearby volcanic mountain ( mount Oldonyo Lengai), that is moving slowly westwards across the Ngorongoro plains, covering 17 meters (56 ft.) a year. . It is normally about 8 meters tall, 30 meters wide and 20 meters long from front to back.



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